Features of your own test
The proportion of females was double or more the males in the two Eastern European countries and nearly equal in the two Western European countries (Table 1). About 70-80% of students in the German, Danish and Polish samples were aged 20 – 23 years, while about half (55%) in Bulgaria and one fifth (23%) in Poland were <20 years. Students aged >23 years represented < 1% in Poland but were about a quarter of the Danish sample . In Poland, Bulgaria and Germany, 25%-50% of participants lived at home with their parents during their studies; in Denmark this proportion was much lower. Across the four countries, generally more males than females lived at parental home (data not shown).
Dining application from the nation and you may sex
Along the five countries not as much as examination, Bulgarian college students most frequently advertised regular consumption of the fresh ‘reduced healthy’ factors (candy, cakes, dinners and you will fully processed foods) (Table dos). However, Bulgarian people including oftentimes reported constant usage of particular ‘healthy’ circumstances along with salads (59%) and vegetables (32%). In regards to animal meat, the fresh new percentage of youngsters reporting constant application was apparently stuffed with the regions (between 44%-53%). High frequency out of seafood use are most frequently claimed by the Bulgarian people.
Full, significantly more lady than just guys stated repeated consumption of candy, cakes, fruit and you may salads, when you find yourself even more guys claimed regular use of processed foods, animal meat and you can fish. One another sexes reported frequent consumption of produce on a similar height.
When nation and sex had been thought meanwhile (Table step three), most of the differences seen in bivariate analyses carried on. Meanwhile all the country and you may sex consequences was independent and you may significant interactions existed just for salads and you will fish use. For salads application such solid differences of the intercourse stayed inside the Germany and you may Denmark, weighed against Poland and Bulgaria where usage volume in genders is comparable. Regarding fish application, there’s almost zero intercourse difference between Denmark, during other countries boys reported constantly more frequently repeated usage.
In the case of very restaurants groups, the end result out of life away from parental house try homogenous all over all country/intercourse combinations (Table cuatro). Since impression was not significant into the use of chocolate, delicacies, unhealthy food otherwise fish, the intake of fresh fruit, vegetables and you will chicken was less frequent one of students living off adult family (Dining table cuatro). To possess desserts and salads there clearly was particular heterogeneity all over the country/intercourse combos (Desk 5). In the two cases, the fresh new consumption was straight down one particular traditions of adult household for almost all country/gender combos as indicated because of the potential ratios less than 1. The fresh different are a higher consumption of desserts among children lifestyle out out-of parental family among Bulgarian females and you will Danish people. When it comes to salads, as a whole new usage is down those types of living regarding parental home with the fresh new exception regarding Danish lady that has highest use of salads after they just weren’t way of life at parental home.
This post reports food usage designs in the young people going to colleges inside four regions. Students are often greatest experienced and you may younger than simply a people-centered take to, and you may had been the ideal sample for examining dinner use activities, while the variability away from ill health and you will degree is actually restricted.
Regarding the very first aim of the study, students’ nourishment exhibited some unfavourable methods around the most of the studied internet. E.grams. lower than 50% off children stated frequent usage of good fresh fruit. Highest use of dishes that are “away” regarding obsЕ‚uga smore the Mediterranean diet plan [where basic treat try good fresh fruit having candy ate only into the special occasions ] is actually rather associated with the ten-season coronary threat of >10% for forty% of adults . Almost every other degree certainly children verified the lowest intake out-of good fresh fruit and you can produce [29–31]. Yet not, students’ restaurants practices activities differed and over the internet. Such as, Bulgarian men and women people stated usually a consistent usage regarding chocolate and you may cakes. Bulgarian students as well as got highest frequencies away from delicacies, plus potato chips (40%), and you may unhealthy food (52%). This could suggest an importance of specific social fitness step during the the site.